What says the various theories about the human need to be in groups?

What says the various theories about the human need to be in groups?

  • S.Freud (1856 – 1939) – the pioneer of psychoanalytic personality theory – for a man is important relationships with other people;
  • K.Lewin (XX a. antra pusė) - field theory. Each member has their own life field. His theory had an impact on group dynamics, organizational management and leadership research;
  • A.H.Maslow(1970) - Pyramid of needs. Man satisfied the physiological and security needs wants to communicate with others, seeks sincere contacts;
  • L.S.Vygotskij (1956 ): cognitive development promotes the child's activities with adults and other children. Zone of proximal development.
  • A.Bandūra (1977): presented social learning theory. People who are in groups, are watching each other's behavior, ways of working;
  • R.Cousinet (1881 – 1973): Named the group work - the free groups working method. Teaching / learning is a diverse and complex activity, during whichwith the help of the teacher, the child learns himself;
  • D.W.Johnson (1993): conducted with the co-authorsa lot of researches. Found that students are improving excellence, Learning becomes more intensive, is used more diverse information,developed social skills;
  • E.G.Cohen (1994): learning in groups acquired these skills - discussion of culture, reasoning, decision-making.
Go to top